Blog - 18/02/2021

Grammar Corner Prepositions

Take Five - 18/02/2021


 Aprenda de forma objetiva e prática como usar essas preposições básicas 



1 – Agent of the passive voice:

This book was written by a very famous author.

At one time in history, England was invaded by the Vikings.


NOTE: With is used for the instrument with which the action is done:

She was murdered with a knife.

She was murdered by the bandit.


2At the side of, near:

She wished he had sat by her side.

The teacher is standing by the door.


3 – Via, by the way of

Would you rather go by bus or by car?

The expedition reached India by South Africa.


4 – “Pass” without stopping:

He walked by us without saying “hello”.

Many cars speeded by, but nobody stopped to help.


5 – By means of:

That car is powered by electricity.

You know where to reach me; you can always contact me by WhatsApp.

I passed the course by the skin of my teeth.


6 – During:

The men travel by night and rest by day.

They travel during the night and rest during the day.


7 – At or before a time:

Please hand in this assignment by Friday.

The plane should be landing by 10 o’clock.



1 – Up to the time of:

I worked until midnight yesterday.

I plan to be away until September.


2 – Before:

Until that unfortunate incident, we had always been the best of friends.

They were both very nice people until they got married.


1 – Throughout:

He worked very hard during the night.

All we did was argue during the meeting.


2 – At some particular time in:

They study English during lunch hour.

He stayed in Petropolis for two weeks during his last vacation.


SINCE (Present perfect tense indication)

1 – Marks the beginning of a period started in the past which extends to the present:

They have been studying English since August.

He has been absent since last month.


2 – After:

I have been in touch with her frequently since she returned from Europe.

I haven’t seen him since he moved to the States.


FOR (Present perfect tense indication)

1 – Marks the period started in the past which extends to the present:

They have been living together for 2 years.

He has been in Brazil for 3 weeks.


2 – Favor:

Can you go to the mall for me?

Your arm is broken. Let me write the E-mail for you.


 3 - Substitutes the verb “to have”

 I’m late for class (to have t class)

He was on time for the plane (“to have” the plane)











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